木工钻机:终极完成的指南

drill press是经典woodworkingdrill machining tool that is popular for its efficiency and accuracy. Its efficiency and accuracy, as well as numerous functionalities, simplify work and provide usability.

近年来,钻机已成为木工在目录中必须拥有的日常机器。然而,存在几种类型的钻机。确定使用哪种压力对于初学者甚至专家来说可能是一项艰巨的任务。

本文介绍了木工钻机的最终指南。该文章将向您介绍有关钻机所需的一切。

Operator seen using a drill press
Figure: Operator seen using a drill press

第1节:什么是钻机?

1.1简介

钻机是一台现代机器,它将旋转工具转动以穿透表面。因此,钻机最常见的用途是在表面上钻孔。但是,用其他机床替换此旋转工具(钻)可以进行多次加工操作。一些加工操作包括钻孔,旋转,敲击,counterboring,反联系和面对面。

1.2钻头的部分

  • 钻头

This part of the drill press houses the electric motor and the speed adjustment mechanism.

  • Motor:

电动机是dri的驱动力ll press. The electric power is what enables the drill press to切木和其他材料。

  • 主轴:

主轴是负责钻头革命的部分。您可以自动编程其革命,也可以手动转动主轴。

主轴

Figure: Spindle

  • 速度调整

速度调整负责改变切割速度。该速度通常从低速到高速不等,具体取决于材料的性质。

  • 查克:

the chuck helps to hold the drilling tool in place. Asides from holding the tool, the chuck also prevents dangerous parts from causing serious injuries.

  • Table

桌子是作为工件表面的部分。关于工件,桌部部分通常可定制为高和低。自定义有助于确保工件的最佳高度对于孔的提示。它还可以支持工件。

  • 桌子夹。

它有助于整个桌子。

桌子夹
Figure: Table clamp

  • 部分:

T在基座上设置为90度,并填充为钻头的基础。这部分有助于支撑桌子和头部。

1.3 Types of the drill press

Portable Drilling Machine:

its portability makes it famous among small-scale woodworkers and personnel. This portability also makes it a perfect fit for personnel without an industrial drill press set up. The kind of boring tools utilized relies upon the personnel’s workpiece and the hole diameter.

Portable Drilling Machine
图:便携式钻机

Sensitive Drilling Machine:

这是一种特定的钻头变化。这种变化被视为包含主轴头和皮带驱动器。主轴头,皮带驱动器和钻头设计使这台机器非常适合切割柔软和硬材料。这台机器的另一个特殊优势是它可以合并长凳和地板安装的能力。

直立钻机:

它的设计具有垂直列。除垂直列外,您通常还会在计算机的底座上看到列安装。直立的钻机对于中等规模的钻井任务和项目很普遍。

Upright Drill Press
图:直立钻头

圆形截面机器:

它的设计具有类似于操作员使用的直立钻机的圆形部分。然而,操作员发现这台机器对于钻孔或较软的材料特别有用。除了切割较软的材料外,该机器的圆柱设计还具有优势。它的优势是,它使操作员可以轻松地将稳定且坚固的切割成工件切入。

Box Column Section Machine:

它的设计具有案例细分区域。除了该细分区域外,操作员还发现该设计对于钻孔和不灵活的材料特别有用。

径向钻机:

我t is another famous sort of penetrating machine. This machine uses gear bits and allows radial movement during drilling. Its popularity for drilling tasks is due to its adaptability and flexibility in operation.

Gang Drilling Machine:

这种类型的机器对于位于相似机器底座上的各种单轴段不规则。该机器是几个现代工艺和大规模制造的理想钻头。

多主轴钻机:

我t is the best sort if you need a drilling machine to bore numerous openings simultaneously.

Automatic Drilling Machine:

这类钻井机适用于大型和重复的项目活动。通常,这些大型而重复的项目旨在获得类似的工件削减。

Section 2: Why does woodworking choose the drill press?

2.1. Accuracy

这essential motivation behind why you should have a drill press for your project is accuracy. Accuracy is crucial as most woodwork projects require precise openings. Regarding precise openings, a drill press allows you to create the perfect and accurate openings you will need.

All you need to do is to clip a piece of wood solidly into position. When clipping this piece of wood, you must ensure that the drill press’ spindle is set to a specific point or position. This position must be comparative with the bit and wood. It allows you to accomplish the point of the source that you will need. A death stop precisely forestalls the drilling bit from sinking too far into the bit of wood. These features lead to openings that are precise on your wooden workpiece.

2.2。速度

A drill press permits you to do much more work in a shorter time. By automation and setting depth stops, you are less prone to making mistakes when using the drill press. Also, recent drill press technology has advanced speed capability.

Unlike the handheld drills, woodworkers do not require strict guidelines while operating the drill press. Drill presses typically have better engines than handheld drills. Unlike the handheld drills, drill press engines turn钻头迅速迅速,促使更快的钻探。

2.3。力量

这engines on drill presses save energy during drilling. Drilling openings typically require less exertion than it will with handheld drills. Furthermore, a drill press engine permits you to use larger钻头for drilling more extensive openings.

Drill presses also create extra power through influence from other parts of the drill. A typical example is a chuck, which attaches to the drill press. Another example is the rack-and-pinion switch, which brings down the chuck and spindle.

2.4. Functionality

钻头允许木工以不同的角度精确钻木头。钻机的不同角度仍然是其核心优势之一。这个优势至关重要,因为很难在没有视差错误的情况下使用手持式钻头进行角度开口。

A drill press is also useful for drilling openings into complex objects with special purposes. This sort of functionality makes a drill press accommodate any of your woodworking desires.

2.5. Versatility

Drill presses are adaptable machines fit for drilling most types of holes. In addition to this hole capability, most of these drills operate at variable speeds. Also, the drills are compatible with accessories like the spindle smoother or a rotating sanding circle. Adding an attachment like the mortise allows you to drill squares into a piece of wood. Additionally, a drill press’s structural design and configuration make it equipped for drilling openings into metal. This metal-drilling functionality has been useful over the years for blacksmiths’ metal projects. The functionality also allows woodworkers to seamlessly venture into metal works and fuse them into their woodworks.

2.6。安全保障

操作员考虑的钻头使用的基本焦点是安全性和保障。当木工希望钻一块木头时,钻机是安全使用的。可变速度功能可确保钻头上的木工。您也可以使用束缚将一块木头绑在钻头桌上。这种捆绑活动使木材不受地面危险的影响,并有助于保护工匠。

第3节:什么是用于木工的钻机?

3.1弯腰切割

A mortise features a square or rectangular opening. It gets a tenon of a similar size cut out of a connecting bit of wood. For quite a long time, hand-cut mortise has been common for projects. Present-day technology presents to us a mortiser that you can use for cutting mortises. A mortiser features a drill bit located inside a square or rectangular chisel. This rectangular chisel feature helps to drill openings and cut square edges of the mortise simultaneously.

3.2使用钻头折磨附件

Your woodworking project might demand a couple of mortise and tenon joints. An alternative would be making the mortises with a force drill and a sharp chisel. Notwithstanding, if your project requires various mortise and tenon joints, there is an ideal solution. This solution involves you getting an empty chisel mortiser. This mortiser will help to whip out various clean mortises fast.

如果您没有其他武力工具的空间,还有另一种选择。这种替代方案依赖于您有钻机的事实。钻头生产商经常提供空的凿子降落连接。这种连接允许您利用空凿子磨碎的碎片。这些碎片的尺寸从宽度从1/4英寸到3/4英寸不等。

3.3打磨纺锤体

在当你的工件有不同的倾向cuts from a jigsaw, you must do something quickly. The fastest and best outcomes originate from a swaying spindle sander. If a spindle sander isn’t promptly available, one straightforward arrangement is to utilize the drill press. The drill press allows variable velocities. The variable velocities allow various acclimations to the spindle sanding paces. You can make these sanding paces to be suitable with almost any kind of material.

3.4销售

木工已经使用了很长一段时间的销售人员,他们希望强化其木接头。销售背后的指南很简单。小而均匀的木头木棍(称为销钉)适合完全协调的开口。组装时,这些销件组件会产生坚固而强的木工接头。

这main assignment in making dowel joints is to drill the dowels’ openings in the connecting sheets. If the openings aren’t drilled precisely in the correct spots, issues arise in the dowel joint. The dowel won’t adjust appropriately, and the joint won’t hold well.

Section 4: How to choose the best woodworking drill?

这re are lots of drill presses with varying prices. Beyond the price or cost of a drill press, there are several other factors to consider. These factors also have a huge impact on determining the choice of a drill press. These factors also determine the level of accuracy and efficiency you have in drilling. They are namely; size, model type, horsepower, speed adjustment, depth stop, weight, quill stroke, and drill press table tilt.

5.1大小:

这first step in choosing your drill press is to identify the drill’s size. To identify the drill size for a workpiece, you will consider nominal diameter and total obtainable depth dimensions. These dimensions will allow you to work effectively on your workpiece and produce excellent results.

5.2型号类型:

钻机有两个主要模型:地板模型和台式模型。地板模型适用于更大或工业项目。与地板型号不同,台式型号适用于较小的车间尺寸项目。

5.3马力

您的钻头马力决定了钻机在不同材料中钻孔的能力。要钻探坚固的材料,您将需要更高的马力。

5.4 Speed Adjustment:

根据您切割的材料,您将调整钻头速度以适合您的活动。钻孔通常需要更快的速度,而金属则需要较低的速度。作为速度的一般标准,希望保持在500和4000 rpms速度范围内。

5.5深度停止

这是钻机中的控制系统,可确保所有孔都具有一致的深度。

5.6重量

这是钻机选择中的巨大标准。您的钻机越大,钻头越强。重量钻头的振动较小,并允许更平稳的切割。

5.7 Quill Stroke/Spindle Travel

转动手柄时,您的钻头和钻头钻头和钻头向下行驶的距离。因此,您可以将其描述为最大回合数,然后再触底旋转。作为一般标准,您只能坚持使用超过4英寸的鹅毛笔冲程的钻机。

5.8 Drill Press Table Tilt

Drill presses with a table tilt of about 45 degrees left and right are tremendous. So, these presses are a rare gem for drilling angled mortises. Some tables tilt come in 4-directional tilt for cutting complex angles. Hence, asides from the extra cost for the table tilt drill press, you should look to add table tilts to your tool accessory.

第5节:最好的木工钻机是什么?

JDP-17MF地板钻机:this a popular drill press that most operators look to always have in their respective workshops. These drill presses typically come in sizes ranging from ½ inch to 16 inches.

JDP-17MF地板钻机
(JET JDP-17MF Floor Drill Press)

Delta 18-900L激光演习出版社:屡获殊荣的演习,因为其耐用性和强度。然而,18英寸类型仍然是最常见的钻机之一。

Delta 18-900L Laser Drill Press
(Delta 18-900L Laser Drill Press)

Rikon 30-217钻机:此钻机具有6英寸的主轴行程。该压力机还具有电动机,其电动机额定值为1.5 hp。这是一台现代速度机。

RIKON 30-217 Drill Press
(Rikon 30-217钻机)

JET JDP-20MF Floor Drill Press: is another common type of drill press from JET. This drill press is quite popular due to its cutting edge advancements in drilling.

JET JDP-20MF Floor Drill Press
(JET JDP-20MF Floor Drill Press)

PORTER-CABLE Floor Drill Press: this is an effective drill press. Many experts know this drill press as the best value award winner. However, this drill press has a downside of excessive vibration. Hence, users must have experience in mitigating the effect of the vibration.

搬运工地板钻机
(Porter-cable floor drill press)

灰色地板钻机:features a motor with a power rating of 1.5 Hp.

灰色地板钻机
(Grizzly Floor Drill Press)

一般国际地板钻机:possessing large swing and a four 3/4″ quill stroke. This press is a must-have.

一般国际地板钻机
(一般国际地板钻机)

第6节:如何为木工钻机选择合适的钻头?

6.1您的钻头有哪些不同的钻头

Over the years, woodworkers have improved the type of cut they can make due to drill press capability. Woodworkers continue to modify drill bits so as to create the ideal hole. However, we have numerous types of drill bits available to every woodworker today. This availability is regardless of the type of cut and material you intend on cutting. Below are a few of the drill bits available today:

6.1.1 Woodworking Drill– Twist drills

由于其118°尖端设计,Twist是当今可用的最通用的钻头之一。因此,扭曲在切割几种材料(例如木材,塑料和金属)方面有效。

6.1.2 Counterbore drill bits

反对钻头形成平底腔。该腔使螺钉或螺栓的头部完全静置在对形孔内。然而,大多数操作员经常将这些螺钉与垫圈一起使用。由于这种用法,孔位会创建足够的空间来容纳整个耦合套件。

6.1.3 Countersink drill bits

这countersink drill bit is so popular for creating pilot holes for screws. Nevertheless, it is ideal for starting a drilling operation. Sometimes, the countersink drill bit also creates holes for the screw shank. Besides, this drill bit creates a recess that allows your screwhead to sit with the wood surface.

6.1.4 Flat bottom boring bits

平底钻头非常适合创建准确的启动。除了这些准确的启动外,这些位还具有锋利的轮辋,可以切断干净的边缘。然而,这些碎片会产生大型剃须。创建这些剃须时,您可能必须从孔中取出钻头才能清除芯片。由于这些位的直径大部分从3⁄16英寸到42英寸不等,因此您有广泛的选择。因此,有关钻头类型的更多信息,请单击here

Sets of different drill bits
图:一组不同的钻头

第7节:木工钻 - 经常进行问答

7.1使用钻机时我应该戴手套吗?

Choosing to wear gloves comes with its preference due to the fact that some people might find it comfortable. However, avoid gloves that are baggy because they might stick to the drill press.

7.2钻头设置是什么?

Drill press settings address the general setting of your drill press. So, it determines how your drill press will run. Because this setting involves choosing depth stop, calibration, and automation are possible.

7.3木工钻头 - 钻头的大小重要吗?

钻头尺寸由于Chuck的尺寸和材料强度而被证明是至关重要的。尽管金属需要您的钻头较厚,但木材需要厚度较小的钻头。因此,一种较硬或更厚的材料需要更大的钻头。

7.4是否有任何配件可以改善木工钻机的性能?

Yes, several accessories can aid your drilling process. Nevertheless, these accessories include drill press vise, support, mortising attachment, and cutting fluid. When these accessories are used properly, you will get improved performance and better results.

Conclusion

钻机是您在目录中必须拥有的顶级工具。本文系统地研究了钻头背景,零件和钻机类型。除了钻新闻背景外,本文还指导您选择最合适的演习press.

Drill presses are popular among professional, skilled users, and unskilled operators due to its capability. Therefore, as you continue to look out for helpful tips about drill presses, look no further.nccuttingtools有你覆盖。我们有高质量的产品and the most experienced professionals so as to guide you through the process. Check out this视频for useful ideas for the drill press machine.

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